Safety & Prevention

Common Rashes in Kids: What to Know


When an uncomfortable-looking rash suddenly develops on your child’s skin, you may immediately be concerned and consider heading to the doctor. A variety of skin rashes are common during childhood, and many can be cared for with over-the-counter medications while carefully observing your child at home. In this blog post, Palo Alto Medical Foundation pediatric dermatologist Amy Gilliam, M.D., answers these questions about some of the most common rashes to help guide you on when you can watch and wait, and when you should head to the doctor. Read More

Concussions: What You Need to Know


The rate of concussions in kids from sports or recreation injuries rose 60 percent in the past decade, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each year, more than 173,000 children and adolescents are treated in emergency rooms for concussions and other traumatic brain injuries.

Everyone wants to prevent concussions, but how? Proper safety equipment such as helmets and general safety precautions are the best prevention currently available.  And what do you do once your child or teen has a concussion?

Pediatricians at the Palo Alto Medical Foundation offer this quick guide to coping with a concussion.

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Sports Injuries in Kids: What Parents Need to Know


 sports injuries in kids

Most parents know that an active child is a healthy child – but what about the inevitable injuries if they play sports? Sally Harris, M.D., MPH, a specialist in pediatric and adolescent sports medicine at the Palo Alto Medical Foundation, says the most common serious sports-related injury for young children (prior to puberty) is a broken bone, also called a fracture. Before reaching puberty, children’s flexible bones are their most vulnerable points as cartilage is still filling in and the ends of the bones are weaker and softer to allow for growth. See Dr. Harris’s answers to common questions from parents about fractures and other sports injuries in kids. Read More

Summer Skin Care Tips for Kids

Whether you’re building sandcastles at the beach, playing Marco Polo at the pool or hiking at the park, summer spells outdoor fun. But pesky bugs, the harsh sun and our dry California climate can take a toll on your child’s skin. Here are PAMF Pediatrician Manisha Panchal, M.D.‘s answers to some of parents’ common questions about summer skin care. 

 Bugs seem to love my kids. What’s the best way to ward off mosquitoes?

If you’re in an area that has lots of mosquitoes, dress the kids—and yourself—in long sleeves and pants. That’s the best preventive measure. For added protection, apply an insect repellant containing 30 percent or less DEET to exposed skin once before going outdoors.

Don’t put repellant around the eyes and mouth. And, remember, never use DEET insect repellants on babies under 2 months.

If you don’t want to use repellant on your child’s skin, buy a small, light-weight repellant product that you can clip on to your child’s clothes. Also, consider a plug-in repellant for the bedroom, or a mosquito net to protect your child from those pesky critters at night. Read More

Kids & Sun Safety: Q&A With a Pediatric Dermatologist

Swimming, playing hide-and-go-seek at the park, picnics or building sandcastles on the beach – some of the best childhood activities are outdoors. Amy Gilliam, M.D., a pediatric dermatologist at the Palo Alto Medical Foundation, says that good sun protection is a must and should become just as much part of your child’s daily routine as brushing teeth and flossing. In this blog post, Dr. Gilliam answers commonly asked questions about how to ensure that your child can safely enjoy the beautiful outdoors. Read More

How Much is Too Much for a Child’s Backpack?

As some school districts consider swapping heavy textbooks for e-reader tablets, local health experts understand the impact an overloaded backpack can have on a child — stiff necks, sore shoulders and aching backs. But parents can help prevent these possible pains in a few simple ways. Read More